cardinal, born at Piscina, Abruzzi; having been sent by the Pope one of an embassy to France, he gained the favour of Richelieu, who recommended him to Louis XIII. as his successor, and whose successor, being naturalised as a Frenchman, he became in 1642, an office which he retained under the queen-regent on Louis' death; he brought the Thirty Years' War to an end by the peace of Westphalia, crushed the revolt of the FRONDE (q.v.), and imposed on Spain the treaty of the Pyrenees; at first a popular minister, he began to lose favour when cabals were formed against him, and he was dismissed, but he contrived to allay the storm, regained his power, and held it till his death; he died immensely rich, and bequeathed his library, which was a large one, to the College Mazarin (1602-1661).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mazarin, Jules — • Born either at Rome or at Piscina in the Abruzzi, of a very old Sicilian family, 14 July, 1602; died at Vincennes, 9 March, 1661 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mazarin, Jules — (1602–61)    Politician and Cardinal.    Mazarin was born in Piscina, Abruzzi, and he was educated in Rome and in Acalá, Spain. After a military and diplomatic career, he entered the service of the Church. He became a naturalised Frenchman in… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Mazarin,Jules — Maz·a·rin (măz ə răɴʹ), Jules. 1602 1661. Italian born French cardinal who exercised great political influence as the tutor and chief minister to Louis XIV. * * * …   Universalium

  • Mazarin, Jules, Cardinal — (1602 1661) (Giulio Mazarini)    cardinal, statesman    Of Italian origin, Jules Mazarin (Giulio Mazarini), who controlled the French government during the minority of King louis XIV and helped make France the predominant European power, was born …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Mazarin, Jules, Cardinal — ▪ French cardinal and statesman Introduction original Italian in full  Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino, or Mazarini  born July 14, 1602, Pescina, Abruzzi, Kingdom of Naples [now in Italy] died March 9, 1661, Vincennes, France  first minister of France… …   Universalium

  • Mazarin, Jules Cardinal — orig. Giulio Raimondo Mazarini born July 14, 1602, Pescina, Abruzzi, Kingdom of Naples died March 9, 1661, Vincennes, France Italian French cardinal and statesman. A member of the papal diplomatic service (1627–34), he negotiated an end to the… …   Universalium

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  • Jules Mazarin —     Jules Mazarin     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jules Mazarin     Born either at Rome or at Piscina in the Abruzzi, of a very old Sicilian family, 14 July, 1602; died at Vincennes, 9 March, 1661. His father was majordomo to the Colonna family at… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • mazarin — (Jules) (en ital. Giulio Mazarini) (1602 1661) prélat et homme d état français d origine italienne. Richelieu le remarqua (1630) et le fit nommer cardinal (1641). Il succéda à ce dernier comme ministre (1643). Au nom de la régente, Anne d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jules — /joohlz/; Fr. /zhyuul/, n. a male given name, French form of Julius. * * * (as used in expressions) Ayer Sir Alfred Jules Bordet Jules Jean Baptiste–Vincent Dubos René Jules Dumont d Urville Jules Sébastien César Feiffer Jules Ferry Jules… …   Universalium

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